R&D Tax Relief Expenditure: Dividends, Salary and Bonuses
R&D Tax Credits 3 mins read 06th Aug 2019
Some of these costs are obvious – like the parts used in making a prototype. Some are less so, like the complex subcontracting rules or types of pay and how much of those costs to add to the claim.
Full-time salaried staff and their eligibility
You will be able to claim on the taxable salary of someone working on the R&D, plus anything that the company pays into a pension for that employee.
You can also claim the Employer’s National Insurance contributions, but you can’t claim the employee’s N.I. or their personal contributions to their pension. You can claim bonuses too, as they are taxable.
Expenses and benefits in kind
This area is a surprising one, as you can’t claim expenses paid for by a company credit card, but you can claim for expenses paid by an employee and then repaid by the company to the employee.
Don’t forget, of course, that the expenses have to be directly related to the R&D itself; as an example, a market research trip to a trade show is not R&D. Non-cash Benefits In Kind (like cars or accommodation) cannot be claimed.
Director salary and the R&D claim
Directors paid by salary fall under the same category as other full-time salaried staff, with the same restrictions. Dividends, however, cannot be claimed, and this can impact on claims, especially for smaller companies.
How much of each person’s costs can I claim?
This isn’t an easy question to answer, sorry! It will vary based on the involvement of each person.
Interested in talking to an R&D tax advisor about your potential claim? Book a free consultation with us.